Depending on what type of industry you work in, the risk of catching various illnesses can be seriously increased. Whether you are a food worker, healthcare personnel, nursing home maid, or construction worker, there are illnesses that you are more likely to catch.

If you find that you are in one of the susceptible groups prone to falling ill, you need to know what illnesses to look out for, what symptoms to be aware of, and what cures and treatments there are for the said illnesses. In addition, arguably, the most essential part of preventing bloodborne and airborne diseases is learning proper preventative measures to maintain optimum health.

Let’s see which groups are most at risk of catching bloodborne illnesses during their job.

Groups at risk of catching bloodborne pathogens

First, there are specific steps you can take to reduce the chances you will be infected by a bloodborne pathogen or infectious disease. Everyone should do the following to stay healthy:

  • Get vaccinated for all bloodborne illnesses.
  • Use antibiotics.
  • Take precautions when handling raw meat.
  • Stay home if you do not feel well.
  • Wash your hands regularly and often.
  • Practice safe sex practices.
  • Don’t share food or personal items.

Furthermore, many professions have higher risks of being exposed to illnesses and bloodborne pathogens. The most common pathogens transmitted in society today are Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV.

Workers in certain industries need to be aware of handling and coming in contact with blood. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration calls ‘blood’ anything that has to do with human blood components and products made from human blood. Some infectious liquids and materials can be human bodily fluids, like peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, any unfixed tissue or organ, and cells containing HIV.

The people most at risk from contract bloodborne pathogens are those who work in healthcare settings, such as:

  • Housekeepers in long-term care facilities
  • Personnel who do the laundry in hospital, commercial, or long-term care settings
  • Employers who work in medical clinics for industrial, correctional, and educational corporations
  • Those who provide first aid
  • Physicians, physicians’ assistants, nurses, and staff in medical office
  • Tissue bank employees
  • Hospice employees
  • Home health care workers
  • The team of nursing home facilities
  • HIV laboratory workers
  • Clinical and diagnostic lab technicians
  • Firefighters
  • Law enforcement personnel
  • Emergency medical technicians
  • Employees who collect blood for transport
  • Employees who work with infectious waste
  • Paramedics

If you work in one of these professions or job sectors, make sure you speak with your employer and your corporation to discuss preventative measures, treatment options, and vaccinations that may be needed to remain safe.


As you can see, numerous occupations are exposed to potentially harmful and deadly bloodborne pathogens. By reducing your risk and following safety precautions and representative measures, you can keep yourself safe at work and at home from contracting an infectious disease. Following certain procedures can help significantly reduce your chance of exposing yourself and catching bloodborne pathogens.